Soil Found in Indian States

Types of Soils States where found Rich in: Lacks in: Crops grown
Alluvial Mainly found in the plains of Gujarat,  Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand etc.   Potash and Lime   Nitrogen and   Phosphorous  Large variety of rabi and kharif crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, jute etc.
Black (Regur soil) Deccan plateau- Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh,Tamil Nadu, Valleys of Krishna and Godavari.  Lime, Iron,  Magnesia and  Alumina, Potash  Phosphorous, Nitrogen and organic  matter  Cotton, sugarcane, jowar, tobacco, wheat, rice etc.
Red Eastern and southern part of the deccan plateau, Orissa, Chattisgarh and southern parts of the middle Ganga plain.  Iron and Potash  Nitrogen, Phosphorous and humus.  Wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and pulses
Laterite Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Orissa hills.  Iron oxide and potash  Organic matter, Nitrogen, Phosphate and Calcium  Cashew nuts, tea, coffee, rubber
Arid and Desert Western Rajastan, north Gujarat and Southern Punjab  Soluble salts, phosphate  Humus, Nitrogen  Only drought resistant and salt tolerant crops such as barley, rape, cotton, millets maize and pulses
Saline and Alkaline Western Gujarat, Deltas of Eastern coast, Sunderban areas of West Bengal, Punjab and Haryana  Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium  Nitrogen and Calcium  Unfit for agriculture