Mixed Crops & Plants

Vegetable families and some examples of members:

Tomato Family
  • Tomato, potato, pepper, eggplant, chili pepper
Onion Family
  • Onion, shallot leek, chive, garlic
Beet Family
  • Beet, swiss chard, spinach, amaranth
Cole Crop Family
  • Cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels
    sprouts, sukuma-wiki
Legume Family
  • Bean, pea, cowpea, peanut
Carrot Family
  • Carrot, celery, celeriac, parsley, parsnip
Cucurbit Family
  • Cucumber, watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin
Lettuce Family
  • Lettuce, chicory, endive
Mixed crops: Mixing of seeds and raising two –three crops at the same time & in same field.
  • E.g.: Jowar/wheat +mustard/gram.
Companion Crops: Different crops are sown in different rows.
  • E.g.: 6 to 8 rows of cotton + 2 to 3 lines of Tur, 4 – 6 rows
    of Jowar + 1 – 2 lines of Tur, Jowar + Mung/Urd, Jowar + Safflower.
Guard Crops:
  • Growing hardy or thorny crops (Mesta/Safflower) around the main crop (Jowar/Wheat)
Augmenting Crops:

Growing sub-groups (augmenting) to maintain the yield of main crop. F. Jowar/Bajara + Cowpea.

Mixed Cropping & Profit:

With mixed cropping, Mr.Kalaiselvan reaped diverse crops –

  • 8 bags of groundnut
  • 40 kgs of black gram
  • 10 kgs of mung dal
  • 10 kgs of cowpea
    50 kgs of onion.
  • With value addition, he could get groundnut oil and sesame oil sufficient for family consumption.
  • By this mixed cropping system he was able to get sustained crop harvest continuously for 6-8 months at different
    intervals meeting food and nutritional needs of the family.
  • The surplus sold in the market yielded a net income of around Rs. 59,700 from 75 cents.
  • This was way ahead than the net profit of Rs.7315, received from 40 cents of paddy mono cropping.
  • Also, mixed cropping reduced weed and pest infestation to a large extent.
  • The biggest gain in the mixed cropping system is the water saving in irrigation.
  • Crops were now being irrigated once in 15 days while mono cropping system with paddy required irrigation once in 4 days. 
  • Above all mixed cropping became the best climate resilient option with some crop harvests being assured in the event of other crop failures.

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