Vegetable families and some examples of members:
- Tomato, potato, pepper, eggplant, chili pepper
- Onion, shallot leek, chive, garlic
- Beet, swiss chard, spinach, amaranth
Cole Crop Family
- Cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels
- Bean, pea, cowpea, peanut
- Carrot, celery, celeriac, parsley, parsnip
- Cucumber, watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin
- Lettuce, chicory, endive
Mixed crops: Mixing of seeds and raising two –three crops at the same time & in same field.
- E.g.: Jowar/wheat +mustard/gram.
Companion Crops: Different crops are sown in different rows.
- E.g.: 6 to 8 rows of cotton + 2 to 3 lines of Tur, 4 – 6 rows
of Jowar + 1 – 2 lines of Tur, Jowar + Mung/Urd, Jowar + Safflower.
- Growing hardy or thorny crops (Mesta/Safflower) around the main crop (Jowar/Wheat)
Growing sub-groups (augmenting) to maintain the yield of main crop. F. Jowar/Bajara + Cowpea.
Mixed Cropping & Profit:
With mixed cropping, Mr.Kalaiselvan reaped diverse crops –
- 8 bags of groundnut
- 40 kgs of black gram
- 10 kgs of mung dal
- 10 kgs of cowpea
50 kgs of onion.
- With value addition, he could get groundnut oil and sesame oil sufficient for family consumption.
- By this mixed cropping system he was able to get sustained crop harvest continuously for 6-8 months at different
intervals meeting food and nutritional needs of the family.
- The surplus sold in the market yielded a net income of around Rs. 59,700 from 75 cents.
- This was way ahead than the net profit of Rs.7315, received from 40 cents of paddy mono cropping.
- Also, mixed cropping reduced weed and pest infestation to a large extent.
- The biggest gain in the mixed cropping system is the water saving in irrigation.
- Crops were now being irrigated once in 15 days while mono cropping system with paddy required irrigation once in 4 days.
- Above all mixed cropping became the best climate resilient option with some crop harvests being assured in the event of other crop failures.