Crop Cultivation Planning

Before starting any agricultural activity in any land.

  • Farmer should assess how much water is available at his source.
  • How much water is required for each plant per day.
  • How to get that much water or store water.
  • Rainwater harvesting. Tanks, Canals etc.,
  • What is the type of soil and soil health.
  • The farmer should gather information of crops which can be grown in that region.
  • He should select crops can be cultivated in that region.
  • How much quantity of each crops cultivated in that region need to be gathered.
  • It is required to ensure how much demand and supply of each crop in that region.
  • He should get information of the prices of the crops for the past 3 to 5 years.
  • He should keep in mind which crop should be grown to get highest price.

Now, Farmer should plan and divide land into two plots.  This way he can easily plan his land and get yield throughout the year.

  • Water required crops, plants and trees.
  • Dry crops, plants and trees.
  • Farmers should plan fruit trees, fodder trees, crops based on summer, monsoon, winter season.

Fruit trees should be selected based on the season output. This will give substantial money for the farmers.

Month wise Fruit output details:

January

  • Fruits Papaya, Pomegranate, Straw berries, Passion fruits, Grapes, Guava

February

  • Fruits Oranges, Chickoo, Musk melon, Grapes, Guava, Papaya, Pomegranate, Pineapple, Strawberries.

March

  • Fruits Mango —Raw (kaccha aam), Totapuri,  Badami , Watermelon, Grapes, Orange,  Pineapple, Banana, Muskmelon, Strawberries.

April

  • Fruits Jackfruit (kathal) rest fruits mostly same as available in march

May

  • vegetables Spinach,Cucumber,Lauki,Karela,Beans.
  • Fruits Jamuns(indian plum or purple berry), Mango — Alphonso, Kesar, Litchis(lychee), Raw Papaya, Jackfruit, Watermelon, Muskmelon.

June

  • Fruits Mango — Alphonso,dussehri, Kesar.

July

  • Fruits Mango — Kesar,dussheri Totapuri — cherries, peach, plum.

August

  • Fruits Custard apple & rest same as June

September

  • Fruits Guava, papaya, pomegranate, custard apple(sharifa), passion fruit.

October

  • Fruits mostly same as October & September.

November

  • Fruits Orange, dates, guava, papaya, pomegranate, custard apple.

December

  • Fruits Strawberries, orange, sweet lime, fig(anjeer), guava, custard apple, pineapple.

Vegetable Crops based on Season.

Summer Season

  • Beans, Snap. Snap beans (also called string or green beans) have tender, fleshy pods. …
  • Pumpkin, Bitter gourd, Ladyfinger, Onion, Tomato, Bringal.
  • Cucumbers. Melons. Peppers. Squash. Tomatoes. Beets.
  • Corn. Most kinds of corn do best in hot-summer areas, but early-maturing hybrid varieties will grow even in regions with cool summers. …

Rainy Season

  • Bamboo shoots. Chaya. Chayote. Climbing wattle. Cowpea. Cucumber. Eggplant. Vegetable fern.

Winter Season

  • Cabbage. Time to head to the cabbage patch, Brussels Sprouts. These trendy sprouts are finally getting their turn in the spotlight…
  • Winter Squash. Get ready to taste the gourdy goodness..
  • Potatoes. Onions. Beets. Celeriac.
  • Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbages, kale, leeks and parsnips are hardy vegetables and will stand through the winter.
  • Leafy crops such as chard, parsley and rocket should also over-winter with a little protection.

www.aranya.gov.in

  • The Agar Tree, Bamboo, Red Teak, Hebbevu These will give yield between 7 to 9 years.
  • The Sandal, Rosewood. These will give yield between 20-30 years.
  • The farmer should put trees in the farm.
  • The Forest Department will give small plants at Rs.5-20 per plant.
  • They also give financial subsidy for growing the trees.
  • Further information visit their website.

Karnataka State Agricultural Marketing Department has published website for Agriculture products cultivation in each district and the prevailing price of the crops.

www.KrishiMaratavahini.kar.nic.in

Horticulture Department is publishing price list of Vegetables and Fruits daily basis. Please visit their website.

https://www.hopcoms.kar.nic.in

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